Collection

Appendix 4.0 Literature review

This appendix refers to the Chapter 4 literature review. In this chapter each of the members of our group reviewed the concepts of green industrialization, hybrid innovations and transition pathways.

Green Industrialisation

(Ely, Smith, Stirling, 2013)

Team member

Concept interpretation

Lesson(s) learned

Graciela

Sustainability changes where market values and business interests are the key drivers. Typically, this perspective comes from the Global North.

plan for change in Texel is more likely to succeed if stakeholders can see financial gains through sustainable innovation.

Katja

A market demand and regulation based approach of sustainable development in a top-down form. Main actors are big agencies and governments

For Texel, this might not the best form of sustainable development, since the community is not likely to prize top-down initiatives.

Marlien

A sustainable transition with a top-down approach, in which political and financial drivers are key.

Texelaars are expected not to appreciate a top-down stimulated sustainable transition. Hence, hybrid innovation or grassroots innovations have more potential.

Rafael

It is a top down initiated sustainable innovations, led by large firms, corporations, governments.

A sustainable innovation that is started by the government or large firms can create influence and grow much faster than grassroot innovation. However, it may miss the specific contextual challenges and also face difficulties with the public acceptance.

Hybrid Innovations

(Ely, Smith, Stirling, 2013)

Team member

Concept interpretation

Lesson(s) learned

Graciela

Innovations that integrate not only market and financial interests, but also social interactions and deeper components of socio-technical systems.

Texel’s sustainability goals can be achieved through hybrid innovations, by taking the best of the two conceptual groups (grassroot and industrial).

Katja

An ‘in-between’ approach that has principles, and possibly the benefits, of both sides (green industrialisation and grassroot innovations)

By using the benefits of hybrid innovations Texel could possible profit the most. In this case both community and municipality are actively engaged.

Marlien

A type of innovation that contains elements of both grassroot innovations and green industrialisation, allowing them to take profit from both formal top-down R&D focussed innovation and from bottom-up, community-driven experimentation.

This type of innovation is suitable for Texel, because the support from the municipality advances the process. At the same time, Texelaars want to feel engaged and heard; they want to have impact on the innovation process from their community-driven experiments.

Rafael

Are sustainable innovations that mix grassroot innovation and green industrialization concepts, operating “across all dimensions”.

The hybrid approach might be the most adequate to be applied in the Texel context. As it creates more engagement by the actors (as it is usually bottom-up) and can be very context specific; with the advantage of being able to generate financing in non-standard ways like crowdsourcing or venture capital.

Transition Pathways

(Verbong, Geels, 2010)

Team member

Concept interpretation

Lesson(s) learned

Graciela

The series of interconnected steps that can take a system with certain regime into another regime or even another system.

Sustainable transitions in Texel need several possible pathways to be achieved. This can increase the likelihood for the changes to happen and the vision to be achieved.

Katja

Are routes which consist of several steps that could be followed to get from a current to a desired, more sustainable, state.

The desired sustainable transition that we want to happen for Texel could be achieved in many different ways and will probably even change along the way, we should keep this in mind.

Marlien

The process from the current state towards the future state, depending on kinds and timing of multi-level interactions. The pathway is gradually adjusted all the time.

For Texel, we need to design an approach for reaching the desired future state. However, we know that this approach is never fully executed, because the pathway will experience changes in environment, due to which an adjusted approach is required.

Rafael

Are the different paths, considering distinct contexts which allow a sustainable transition to take place.

There are multiple different ways for a sustainable transition to happen. By understanding the different factors, we are able to create a strategy that opens the possibilities for our sustainable transition to happen.